REDUCTIONS in pork import tariff rates have not lowered the retail price of pork, an agricultural industry official said.
Samahang Industriya ng Agrikultura (SINAG) executive director Jayson H. Cainglet said in a telephone message that retail pork prices had not fallen by more than two months since the adjustment of tariffs on pork products. imported pork.
The Tariff Commission is due to hear SINAG’s petition to increase tariffs on pork imports on June 25.
SINAG had proposed in March to increase the tariff on pork imports within the minimum access volume quota (MAV) to 40% and that on non-quota imports to 44%.
According to Mr. Cainglet, the farm gate price of pork has fallen due to lower import tariffs. Imports were the government’s recourse after the hike in pork prices due to limited supply following the African swine fever outbreak.
âThe farm gate price varies from province to province, but from P200 to P240 per kilogram before OE it has been reduced from P15 to P20 pesos. The farm gate prices of pig farmers have fallen (because) viajero-traders source pork from importers-traders, âsaid Mr. Cainglet.
Mr. Cainglet stated that the landed cost of imported pork is currently P 80 per kilogram.
“Prior to Executive Decree (EO) 128, the landed cost ranged from P115 to P130 per kilogram. There are pork imports that entered the country under the lower tariffs before they were adjusted,” said Mr. Cainglet.
In EO 134 signed on May 15, President Rodrigo R. Duterte reset the pork tariff in the MAV quota to 10% during the first three months of implementation and to 15% during the following nine months.
Tariffs for over-quota pork imports were set at 20% for the first three months and 25% for the next nine months.
Imports of MAV pay a favorable tariff rate under the World Trade Organization system.
EO 134 was released after lengthy discussions among lawmakers, the agriculture industry, and government over EO 128, which was signed on April 7. EO 128 reduced tariffs on quota pork imports to 5% and 10%, and out-of-quota pork imports to 15% and 20%, respectively.
Prior to OE 128, quota pork imports were charged 30% while non-quota pork imports paid 40%.
It was later amended by EO 134 after the ordinance met resistance from industry and lawmakers.
“Tariff cuts, as livestock and farm groups argued during marathon legislative hearings, have only benefited importers and those who eagerly pushed them – but never consumers or lowland breeders. yard, âMr. Cainglet said.
Mr. Duterte also signed the EO 133, which increased the MAV quota for pork imports to 254,210 metric tonnes (MT) from 54,210 MT previously.
According to the Bureau of Animal Industry, meat imports in the five-month period to May increased 26.7% year-on-year to 440,018.87 MT, driven by pork imports amounting to 215,883 , 30 MT. – Revin Mikhael D. Ochave